Biology words overall – The complicated words are described here
Scapula (Wing bone)
The humerus articulates with the scapula (shoulder blade) at the shoulder, and with the radius and the ulna at the elbow. For Example:
- A plate of bone extending from the medial margin of the scapula to the vertebral column has been reported (Ingersoll).
- The large trapezius muscle extends from the base of the skull to the last thoracic vertebrae, and from the spinal column to the scapulae.
- Only the coracoclavicular ligaments, coracoacromial ligament, the clavicle, and the scapula were preserved.
- The clavicle and scapula together form the shoulder girdle.
- During surgery, we observed partial or complete detachment of the trapezoid and deltoid muscles from the lateral clavicle in all patients.
- When all support is disrupted or detached, the distal clavicle loses all ligamentous connections, allowing it to rise superiorly.
In addition, the rib cage attaches the sternum in front of the vertebral column behind. For example:
- In great detail, the differences are laid out between the male and female skull, spine, clavicle, sternum, coccyx, and pelvis.
- The sternum is then divided allowing the ribs to rotate to the side a few centimeters.
- Lastly, place your hands on your chest, between your sternum and your collarbones.
Lymph/ liquid body substance
A colorless fluid containing white blood cells, that bathes the tissues and drains through the lymphatic system into the bloodstream. This includes cell salts, fatty tissue, lymph, red and white blood cells, two glands of the endocrine system and even the bones. For Examples:
- The lymphatic system is a network of very fine vessels or tubes called lymphatics that drain lymph from all over the body.
- Legs become scaly, swollen, and exude lymph fluid.
- I refreshed myself in the mid-day heat by drinking its pure lymph from the hollow of my hand and gazed with long and insatiable delight upon the memorable fountain.
Of, relating to or denoting glands that secrete hormones or other products directly into the blood. For Examples:
- It was first isolated from the endocrine gland in the body which has primary responsibility for holding calcium levels in your blood within a very tight range.
- The foundations of the endocrine system are the hormones and glands.
- Some are hormones, secreted by endocrine glands, and circulating in the blood, which leave through capillary walls to gain access to tissue fluids around their target cells.
The bony frame formed by the ribs around the chest.
The final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus. Examples:
- Bacteria from the rectum can travel up the urethra and cause infections more easily.
- Continence depends on functioning muscles and nerves in and around the rectum and anal canal.
- Hormone changes slow the passage of food through the gut, while the growing uterus can put pressure on the rectum.
Relating to the viscera for Example:
- As an adult, Christopher is the creation of his most cherished fantasies and visceral fears.
- The visceral obesity in patients with metabolic syndrome is associated with dyslipidemia.
- It does nothing to remove the visceral fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs.
- Are too many writers coming from an intellectual rather than a visceral view of the world?
- Some of this fluid crosses the visceral pleura and accumulates as a small sterile pleural effusion.
Check above image
Of, relating to, attached to, or denoting the wall of the body or of a body cavity or hollow structure. Examples:
- Both research teams found that low- and high-capacity subjects differed in levels of brain activity in the parietal cortex, a region of the brain known to be involved in the processing of visual and spatial information.
- She skillfully uses patients suffering from neglect due to parietal lesions to explore a number of central questions in the study of spatial representations.
- However, as the temporal fenestra expands to ludicrous proportions in the cynodonts, the skull table is reduced to a sagittal crest formed by the parietal.
- Metastases were present in the vertebral bodies, spleen, peritoneum, pleura, adrenal glands, visceral and parietal pericardium, and multiple lymph nodes.
- A large tumor was found that originated from the parietal pleura at the dorsal site.
An animal of a large group distinguished by the possession of a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
The mediastinum is the compartment that takes up the center portion of the thoracic cavity. It’s lined by the mediastinal serous membrane and extends from the superior pectoral aperture (where the Thoracic cavity opens into the neck) all the way down to the diaphragm (the main muscle for breathing).
It’s many totally different regions:
This region covers the realm from the superior pectoral aperture to a horizontal plane at the amount of the disk between the fourth and fifth pectoral vertebrae. It contains the superior venous blood vessel, brachiocephalic veins, arch of the arteria, lymph vessel, trachea, thymus, and cranial nerve and musculature nerves.
This region of the cavity starts wherever the superior mediastinum leaves off and extends inferiorly (in alternative words, toward the feet) to the diaphragm. it’s 3 sections:
- The posterior cavity contains the gorge, aorta, single and hemiazygos veins, wandering nerve, sympathetic trunks, and visceral nerves. It’s about to the rear of the thorax.
- The middle cavity is home to the serosa, heart, arch of the vena, main bronchi, and roots of the good vessels.
- The anterior cavity contains liquid body substance nodes, fat, animal tissue, and remnants of the thymus (it shrinks once childhood). It’s about to the front of the body.
Two serous membrane cavities house the lungs, one on both sides of the cavity. Every respiratory organ is roofed by a serous membrane sac, that is formed from 2 layers of pleura:
Visceral serous membrane
This pleura adheres to the lungs.
Lining the cavities and connected to the pectoral wall, the cavity, and therefore the diaphragm, this serous membrane has four parts:
- The cervical serous membrane runs from the superior pectoral aperture into the basis of the neck to create a dome over the lungs.
- The coastal half covers the sternum, ribs and gristle, intercostal muscles, and sides of the pectoral vertebrae.
- The diaphragmatic half covers the components of the diaphragm on both sides of the cavity.
- The mediastinal half covers the edges of the cavity.
Each cavity contains recessed areas known as the costodiaphragmatic and costomediastinal recesses, which permit area for full growth of the lungs throughout inspiration (breathing in).
A lot of the main focus once you explore the pectoral region is on the center and lungs, however, the subsequent organs conjointly board the pectoral cavity:
The diaphragm could be a dome-shaped muscle that divides the thorax from the abdomen. Its operate is to expand and contract the Thoracic cavity throughout inhalation and exhalation together with the muscles of the pectoral wall. The central connective tissue of the diaphragm is connected to the serosa.
The pink-lobed thymus is found between the sternum (breastbone) and therefore the serosa within the anterior portion of the cavity. The thymus grows throughout childhood, however, once the time of life, it shrinks (or involutes). The thymus is the web site for the maturation of T cells. The thymus gets its blood offer from the inferior thyroid and internal pectoral arteries.
The esophagus could be a tube concerning ten inches long that joins the bodily cavity to the abdomen. It runs downward and to the left through the superior and posterior cavity.